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Acetyl-L-Carnitine is a form of L-Carnitine, an amino acid that is found in nearly all cells of the body that may help improve mood, learning and memory and increase energy levels.
Acetyl-L-Carnitine (ALCAR) enhances the mitochondrial function and helps the mitochondria (the powerhouses of your cells) burn fat and create more energy — especially for the muscles and brain. It is readily formed in cells by the enzymatic addition of an acetyl group to Carnitine. Carnitine, also natural to the body, is a modified version of the amino acid Lysine. Enzymes can readily convert Carnitine to Acetyl-L-Carnitine and back, according to the metabolic needs of the cell. Thus, inside the cell, Acetyl-L-Carnitine and Carnitine are essentially interchangeable. The major difference between Acetyl-L-Carnitine and Carnitine is that Acetyl-L-Carnitine is more easily absorbed from the gut, and more readily crosses the blood-brain barrier.
Agmatine sulfate is a neurotransmitter naturally formed from the amino acid L-arginine, found primarily in neurons, which may enhance cognitive function and stress resiliency.*
Agmatine plays a key role in the regulation of nitric oxide levels, which if left unchecked can cause inflammation, neuronal damage, and inhibit the repair and growth of brain cells. Since it is capable of targeting multiple receptors, agmatine is important for many aspects of brain health. Furthermore, agmatine may enhance cognitive function, stress resiliency, mood, and athletic performance.
Alpha-glycerophosphocholine (Alpha-GPC or α-GPC) is a cholinergic compound that is used for its cognitive-promoting properties, and to enhance power output in athletes. It appears to also support cellular membranes, and may aid in preventing cognitive decline.*
Alpha-GPC rapidly delivers choline to the brain across the blood–brain barrier and is a biosynthetic precursor of acetylcholine. Alpha-GPC is a choline-containing supplement that, although found in a variety of food products that are also rich in choline, appears to be pharmacologically active at higher doses.
CDP Choline is an endogenous compound found in the cells of human and animal tissue and is believed to possess neuroprotective properties that help enhance memory, improve attention and focus and promote longevity.
CDP Choline (citicoline), also known as cytidine diphosphate-choline or cytidine 5′-diphosphocholine is a nootropic compound which acts as an intermediary in the generation of phosphatidylcholine from choline, a common biochemical process in cell membranes. CDP Choline is naturally occurring in the cells of human and animal tissue, and especially within the cells that make their home in the brain (neurons). Studies suggest that CDP Choline possesses neuroprotective properties and helps enhance memory, improve attention and focus and promote longevity.
Huperzine A is a naturally occurring sesquiterpene alkaloid compound and a cholinesterase inhibitor extracted from club moss that may contain properties that helps enhance memory and learning, increase in alertness and energy levels and promote longevity.
Huperzine A acts as a cholinesterase inhibitor and prevents the breakdown of acetylcholine, one of the chemicals that our nerves use to communicate in the brain, muscles, and other areas. Some studies suggest that Huperzine A may be used for memory and learning enhancement, age-related memory impairment and it may also help in increasing alertness and energy levels, provide protection against agents that damage the nerves such as nerve gases, and it has antioxidant properties that help promote longevity.
L-Theanine is a highly bioavailable non-essential amide bioactive amino acids which can help maintain normal sleep, improve memory function and nullify effect of neurotoxins.
L-Theanine also known as L-γ-glutamylethylamide and N5-ethyl-L-glutamine, is an amino acid analogue of the proteinogenic amino acids L-glutamate and L-glutamine and is found primarily in particular plant and fungal species. L-Theanine increases serotonin, dopamine, GABA, and glycine levels in various areas of the brain, as well as BDNF and NGF levels in certain brain areas. It has also been found that injecting spontaneously hypertensive mice with L-Theanine significantly lowered levels of 5-hydroxyindoles in the brain. Researchers also speculate that it may inhibit glutamate excitotoxicity.
USP Grade Methylene Blue
Our Methylene Blue solution is verified by an independent third party laboratory using US Pharmacopeia (USP) test methods. HPLC is used to verify chromatographic purity meets our standard of ≥99%. ICP-MS is used to identify and quantify contaminants. Each bottle contains 300mg Methylene Blue solved in Type II deionized water at a concentration of 10mg/mL.
N-Acetyl L-Cysteine (NAC) is a derivative of the amino acid L-Cysteine which is found in most high-protein foods and is known to possess anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, respiratory and neuroprotective properties. N-Acetyl L-Cysteine (NAC) is the supplement form of the amino acid cysteine which is found in most high-protein foods, such as chicken, turkey, yogurt, cheese, eggs, sunflower seeds, legumes and onion. The compound facilitates essential biological functions by bonding with two other amino acids—glutamine and glycine—to create a powerful antioxidant known as glutathione. NAC, being a precursor to glutathione have been found to bind to the glutamate recognition site of the NMDA and AMPA receptors and may act as endogenous neuromodulators. Clinical studies suggest that NAC possesses anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, respiratory and neuroprotective properties.
N-Acetyl L-Tyrosine (NALT) is derived from L-Tyrosine, an amino acid that helps the body produce neurotransmitters, which promote mental alertness and regulate mood.
N-Acetyl L-Tyrosine (NALT) is an acetylated form of the amino acid L-Tyrosine and is believed to have nootropic effects that helps increase attention, motivation, concentration, and improves memory and learning. Tyrosine is an amino acid that is naturally produced in the body from another amino acid called phenylalanine. It can also be found in dairy products, cheese, meats, fish, eggs, nuts, beans, oats, and wheat and other high-protein foods. N-Acetyl L-Tyrosine supports brain function by supporting the synthesis of the catecholamines (neurotransmitters).
Theacrine is a naturally occurring purine alkaloid found in Kucha tea plant as well as in the seeds of the Herrania and Theocrama plant species. It acts as an adenosine inhibitor, helps aid concentration and coordination and it contains anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties that promote longevity.
Theacrine, also known as 1,3,7,9-tetramethyluric acid, is a naturally occurring chemical which has a similar structure to caffeine. Molecular studies suggest that it activates similar receptors and signaling pathways. It has been used traditionally to prolong life and cure the common cold. Studies suggest that theacrine may increase mental clarity, boost energy, and improve mood and motivation.
TUDCA Acid is an orally bioavailable and effective inhibitor of apoptosis by exhibiting antioxidant properties, maintaining mitochondrial membrane potential, and preventing cytochrome c release.
Tauroursodeoxycholic acid, more commonly referred to as TUDCA, is a bile salt that is found naturally occurring in the body. When regular bile salts reach the intestines, they can be metabolized by bacteria into UDCA and then later bound to a taurine molecule to become TUDCA. TUDCA is able to reduce stress to any cell’s Endoplasmic Reticulum; an organelle in cells that serves as a highway from the nucleus out into the cytoplasm, and aids in folding proteins. Through reducing ER stress, TUDCA has been implicated in a wide range of beneficial metabolic effects such as reducing insulin resistance and diabetes, being a neurological protection agent and has been used for conditions called liver cholestasis.