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Acetyl-L-Carnitine is a form of L-Carnitine, an amino acid that is found in nearly all cells of the body that may help improve mood, learning and memory and increase energy levels.
Acetyl-L-Carnitine (ALCAR) enhances the mitochondrial function and helps the mitochondria (the powerhouses of your cells) burn fat and create more energy — especially for the muscles and brain. It is readily formed in cells by the enzymatic addition of an acetyl group to Carnitine. Carnitine, also natural to the body, is a modified version of the amino acid Lysine. Enzymes can readily convert Carnitine to Acetyl-L-Carnitine and back, according to the metabolic needs of the cell. Thus, inside the cell, Acetyl-L-Carnitine and Carnitine are essentially interchangeable. The major difference between Acetyl-L-Carnitine and Carnitine is that Acetyl-L-Carnitine is more easily absorbed from the gut, and more readily crosses the blood-brain barrier.
Agmatine sulfate is a neurotransmitter naturally formed from the amino acid L-arginine, found primarily in neurons, which may enhance cognitive function and stress resiliency.*
Agmatine plays a key role in the regulation of nitric oxide levels, which if left unchecked can cause inflammation, neuronal damage, and inhibit the repair and growth of brain cells. Since it is capable of targeting multiple receptors, agmatine is important for many aspects of brain health. Furthermore, agmatine may enhance cognitive function, stress resiliency, mood, and athletic performance.
Alpha-glycerophosphocholine (Alpha-GPC or α-GPC) is a cholinergic compound that is used for its cognitive-promoting properties, and to enhance power output in athletes. It appears to also support cellular membranes, and may aid in preventing cognitive decline.*
Alpha-GPC rapidly delivers choline to the brain across the blood–brain barrier and is a biosynthetic precursor of acetylcholine. Alpha-GPC is a choline-containing supplement that, although found in a variety of food products that are also rich in choline, appears to be pharmacologically active at higher doses.
Beta Ecdysterone is an endogenous ecdysteroid hormone found in some plants and insects and is believed to have protein stimulating effects which promote increased muscle mass and strength.
Beta Ecdysterone, also known as 20-Hydroxyecdysone (20E) is a naturally occurring ecdysteroid hormone found in some plants and insects which has a similar structure to a compound found in humans associated with muscle growth, strength and recovery. Studies suggest that Beta Ecdysterone may have anabolic-like effects and is believed to have protein stimulating effects promoting increased muscle mass and strength. In arthropods, Beta-Ecdysterone acts through the ecdysone receptor, while in humans it binds to the estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) protein-coding gene.
Curcumin is a biologically active polyphenolic compound found in turmeric that is known to possess properties that may support immune health, relieve pain, aid in digestion, and fights inflammation and oxidation agents.
Curcumin (1,7-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene-3,5-dione), also called diferuloylmethane, is the main natural polyphenol found in the rhizome of Curcuma longa (turmeric). It is the principal curcuminoid of turmeric, a member of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae. Curcumin incorporates several functional groups whose structure was first identified in 1910. The aromatic ring systems, which are phenols, are connected by two α,β-unsaturated carbonyl groups. The diketones form stable enols and are readily deprotonated to form enolates; the α,β-unsaturated carbonyl group is a good Michael acceptor and undergoes nucleophilic addition.
Dihydromyricetin (DHM) is a flavonoid which comes from the purified extract of the Japanese Raisin Tree and is believed to possess antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, anticancer and hepatoprotective properties.
Dihydromyricetin (DHM), also known as Ampelopsin has been used for centuries in preventing intoxication and hangover in Korean and Chinese traditional medicine. DHM works by activating the two enzymes; alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) — which help the body break down and metabolize alcohol faster.
Laxogenin is a member of a group of 40 plant-derived compounds, known as brassinosteroids, which may help support muscle production, enhance physical performance, and support quick recovery.*
Laxogenin, known chemically as 5a-hydroxy laxogenin, is a member of a group of 40 plant-derived compounds, known as brassinosteroids, which have a similar structure to animal steroid hormones. They attach only to the cell surface, which sets off a signal to increase muscle production inside of the cell, and activate a protein, known as AKT1 or protein kinase B, that prevents the breakdown of muscle. Supplementing laxogenin may, therefore, help support muscle production, thermogenesis, enhance physical performance, and support quick recovery from exercise when used in conjunction with a healthy diet and exercise program.