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Acetyl-L-Carnitine is a form of L-Carnitine, an amino acid that is found in nearly all cells of the body that may help improve mood, learning and memory and increase energy levels.
Acetyl-L-Carnitine (ALCAR) enhances the mitochondrial function and helps the mitochondria (the powerhouses of your cells) burn fat and create more energy — especially for the muscles and brain. It is readily formed in cells by the enzymatic addition of an acetyl group to Carnitine. Carnitine, also natural to the body, is a modified version of the amino acid Lysine. Enzymes can readily convert Carnitine to Acetyl-L-Carnitine and back, according to the metabolic needs of the cell. Thus, inside the cell, Acetyl-L-Carnitine and Carnitine are essentially interchangeable. The major difference between Acetyl-L-Carnitine and Carnitine is that Acetyl-L-Carnitine is more easily absorbed from the gut, and more readily crosses the blood-brain barrier.
L-Theanine is a highly bioavailable non-essential amide bioactive amino acids which can help maintain normal sleep, improve memory function and nullify effect of neurotoxins.
L-Theanine also known as L-γ-glutamylethylamide and N5-ethyl-L-glutamine, is an amino acid analogue of the proteinogenic amino acids L-glutamate and L-glutamine and is found primarily in particular plant and fungal species. L-Theanine increases serotonin, dopamine, GABA, and glycine levels in various areas of the brain, as well as BDNF and NGF levels in certain brain areas. It has also been found that injecting spontaneously hypertensive mice with L-Theanine significantly lowered levels of 5-hydroxyindoles in the brain. Researchers also speculate that it may inhibit glutamate excitotoxicity.
S-Acetyl L-Glutathione (SALG) is a bioavailable form of glutathione, a powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory that may promote longevity, ease aging, and support general cellular health.*
S-Acetyl L-Glutathione (SALG) is a bioavailable version of glutathione, which is a peptide (small amino-acid containing molecule) that acts as an antioxidant. It is produced endogenously in the human body and can also be found in the food supply. The ‘glutathione system’ comprises the enzymes that synthesize glutathione within a cell as well as dedicated enzymes that use glutathione as the means to exert antioxidant effects. Supplementation of bioavailable glutathione is thought to support this pool of glutathione in a cell and thus maintain the efficacy of the entire glutathione system.